Today a Calvinist asked me their favorite stupid question:
“If Christ died for all, then why is it that some people will go to hell?”

Because Jesus’ sacrifice was a sacrifice.  Seriously, why is it that Calvinists have no clue what a sacrifice is?  A sacrifice is not a direct execution swap.

Its not like the punishment we deserved was to be crucified, so that as soon as Jesus was crucified our exact punishment was taken and now we are the untouchables and can go on sinning, giving God a raspberry and saying “Na na na boo boo, you can’t touch me!”   Although this is what Calvinism teaches.

A sacrifice, rather, comes in stages.

Stage 1: The slaying of the victim, done normally by a layman.  And Jesus was a layman while on earth, per Hebrews.  “For if He were on earth, He would not be a priest, since there are priests who offer the gifts according to the law;” (Heb 8:4)  “For He of whom these things are spoken belongs to another tribe, from which no man has officiated at the altar. For it is evident that our Lord arose from Judah, of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood.” (Heb 7:13-14)

Stage 2: The priest dashed the blood on the altar, or in the case of the Day of Atonement, presents it in the Holy of Holies. After quoting in Heb 5:6 the passage “You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek” the author shows this only applies to Christ after the resurrection, for he says “who, in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and supplications, with vehement cries and tears to Him who was able to save Him from death, and was heard because of His godly fear, 8 though He was a Son, yet He learned obedience by the things which He suffered. 9 And having been perfected, He became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him, 10 called by God as High Priest ‘according to the order of Melchizedek,’ 11 of whom we have much to say, and hard to explain, since you have become dull of hearing.” (Heb 5:7-11) “For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us; 25 not that He should offer Himself often, …but now, once at the end of the ages, He has appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.” (Heb 9:24-26)

Stage 3: The sacrifice must be applied.  Even when the sacrifice is made, someone must come to God by it.  “Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.” (Heb 7:25)  And typically in the Law, when one offers a sacrifice and does not subsequently eat a certain portion of the meat by a certain time, the sacrifice becomes invalid. “And the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving shall be eaten the same day that it is offered; he shall not leave any of it until the morning.” (Lev 7:15)  This sheds light on “We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat which serve the tabernacle.” (Heb 13:10)

So then, scripture shows the Calvinist doctrine of atonement, that as soon as Jesus gave up the ghost the few, the brave, the marines, were all saved, is a gross oversimplification and false doctrine.  The application of the atonement is conditional upon faith and repentance at least, if not also baptism and (if one lives long enough afterwards) observing the Lord’s Supper.